Homo sneakeaus

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       Oklahoma Wildflowers serves as an introduction to The Wonderful World of Oklahoma Wildflowers with a linked list to the site which which has general plant information and images useful for identification and educational purposes.
        Since space is limited here I will add photos and information about plants blooming during the current month. For more detailed information and images go to the linked address. Unless noted, all photos were taken in Oklahoma
        For detailed information on using the Wonderful World of Oklahoma Wildflowers scroll to the end of this page or click on a flower common name on the list.

Friday, May 15, 2009

Indian Paintbrush 2009

Indian Paintbrush (Casilleja indivisa)

       One of two hundred species of Castilleja, Castilleja indivisi or Indian Paintbrush, located in Oklahoma, Texas, Kansas and Louisiana, is found in open fields and along highways. From a distance, they appear as patches of red in a sea of green or brown. This species has a relatively short blooming season, blooming from late spring into early summer.
       Easly spotted along highways in the spring the plant grows to 18 inches tall and has narrow leaves to ¼ inch wide. The “flowers” are a beautiful red color turning to green at the stem.
       Most of the color of the plant is not the flower but modified leafs call bracts. These bracts are red, becoming green toward the stem. The shape and color of the upper part resembles a paintbrush dipped in red paint thus the common name Indian Paintbrush.
       Another less common species, Yellow Paintbrush (Castilleja purpurea var citrina, found in Oklahoma, Texas, and Kansas, has yellow flowers. (see Downy Indian Paintbrush)
       The roots of this plant are parasitic, feeding on the roots of other species.

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